We are coming from the age of steam engines to bullets trains. The industry evolution has happened in different phases. From machines powered by water and steams to electricity to IT & electronics and now to IOT.
Has anyone imagined a tyre will ever send its condition updates to its manufacturer, so that a car owner can replace the tyre before getting into any mishap.
Or have you ever seen controlling lighting bulbs, turning them on & off through smartphones and programming them to blink if they detect an intruder, or dimming them slowly at night.
Yes… This is possible after the evolution of INDUSTRY 4.0.
PHASES OF INDUSTRY EVOLUTION
- Industry 1.0 (1760 to 1840) – Ushered in Mechanical production; railways and steam engine
- Industry 2.0 (1870 to 1940) – Mass production; electricity and assembly line
- Industry 3.0 (1960 to 2010) – Computers; semiconductors, main frame computing, personal devices, internet
- Industry 4.0 (2011 onwards) – Cyber-physical systems, Internet of Things, Internet of Services
The name “Industry 4.0” came into existence in 2011 when German Government had adopted this term for one of
their Hi-Tech strategy project with the vision to promote the computerization in manufacturing. The term involves bringing intelligence, connectivity and much broader use of computerization to manufacturing.
In the future, businesses will establish global networks that incorporate their machinery, warehousing systems and production facilities in the shape of IIOT. In the manufacturing environment, these IIOT will involve smart machines, storage systems and production facilities capable of autonomously exchanging information, triggering actions and controlling each other independently. This facilitates essential developments to the industrial processes involved in manufacturing, engineering, material usage and supply chain and life cycle management.
KEY ELEMENTS OF INDUSTRY 4.0
- Interoperability: the focus of the industry 4.0 is to enable the machine, devices, smart factories, assembly station, sensors and people to connect and communicate with each other via Internet of Things or Services
- Virtualization: It is an ability to create virtual copy of the smart factory or machine by linking it to the sensor data with virtual plant models and simulation models.
- Decentralization: the goal implies emphasizing greater autonomy and cyber-physical systems within Smart Factories to make decisions on their own
- Real-Time Capability: the capability to collect and analyse data and provide the insights immediately
- Modularity: Access to flexible services for changing requirements of individual modules to enhance the agility.
The revolution of industry is having great impact on social, economy and business of the nations at different level. This change will bring more smart, intelligent and connected product in future.